ASF in Indonesia
In the late nineties, Indonesia began a process to establish itself as a democratic state, and it has made tremendous progress over the past decades. It is now one of the fast emerging countries in the Southeast Asian region, with a growing economy and positive political and legal development. Indonesia is also committed to work towards sustainable human development. Despite this, approximately half of its inhabitants live in abject poverty and are discriminated against and marginalised due to structural inequality and continued failings from public service institutions. Systemic corruption is present at every level of the country, destroying people’s faith in its political and judicial institutions. Indonesian people have little or no confidence in the justice system to solve their legal problems. Justice remains a theoretical concept to many of them, especially those who are entrenched in poverty and suffer systemic violence and discrimination.
Civil society has always been actively involved in the democratic transition, and continues to play a strategic role in the reform process and in protecting and promoting human rights.
Access to justice in Indonesia
The biggest challenges for people as to access to justice in Indonesia are the scale and the quality of legal services. The Indonesian legal aid system was launched in 2013. Currently, over 400 legal aid organisations are accredited. Still, there is a shortage of legal aid service providers, with just over 1,000 legal aid lawyers and 1,000 paralegals for the whole country. While the legal aid law makes reference to paralegals as legal aid service providers, Indonesia is yet to develop a common status for paralegal activities and to recognise the key role paralegals can play in making justice available, affordable and accessible to people and communities in remote areas.
ASF intervention strategy
ASF seeks to empower Indonesian community-based service providers (LASPs) to provide quality holistic services to justice seekers. The problems citizens face are rarely only legal: if they want their actions to be efficient, the LASPs also need to take their social, economic and physical environment into account, and provide global answers to their needs. ASF’s robust evidence-based approach will provide information on the perspectives, concerns and needs of the justice seekers.
ASF projects in Indonesia
Contributing to sustainable development goals by improving access to justice
ASF’s project aims to empower community-based legal aid service providers to provide quality, client-centred and holistic services to justice seekers.
- Geographic areas of involvement: Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Bali.
- Budget: EUR 861,825.
- Funding source: Belgian Development Cooperation.
- Duration: 5 years (2017-2021).
- Improving the understanding of the legal needs of the service providers and their communities.
- Training of paralegals and legal aid providers.
- Publication of guidebooks and manuals.
- Facilitating online learning and use of digital platforms.
- Impact assessment on the effectiveness and efficiency of expanding the scope of legal aid providers to include paralegals and other development actors.
- Advocacy on policy development from users’ perspectives and needs.